There are about five different types of mountain bikes, and among them, the two categories that stand out are the cross-country mountain bike, also called the XC mountain bike, and the trail mountain bike.
At first glance, it’s hard to distinguish the two bike categories as they both bear the signature mountain bike design: flat handlebars, heavy build, and a frame slanting upwards. However, when you go beneath the looks, you’ll find that the two mountain bike variants are different, both in design and function.
We’re going to explore the differences between an XC bike and a trail bike, the situations that require one more than the other, and how the two bike categories perform on different road surfaces.
What’s an XC Mountain Bike?
An XC bike, or a cross-country mountain bike, is a bike used on trails that consist of rough forested paths, narrow wooded trails and singletracks, smooth fire roads, and paved paths.
They’re narrower than most mountain bikes, and this is what makes them ideal for squeezing through these challenging environments. They also make for a good entry-level bike.
XC mountain bikes usually weigh between 15 and 35 pounds, have full suspension forks, and give the rider a safe downhill riding position that’s closer to an upright one. They’re bikes created for speeding up a mountain or a hill, and they only struggle when faced with a descent.
XC Bike vs Trail Bike: What’s the Difference?
It takes the keen eye of someone used to handling mountain bikes to quickly tell XC bikes and trail mountain bikes apart. To help you get a good idea of how different a trail bike and an XC bike are, we’re going to split the differences based on the more notable parts that are vital for a mountain bike to operate.
The handlebars on the cross-country mountain bikes are narrower; this is to aid XC mountain bikes in picking up more speed as that’s what they’re built for. The narrow handlebar on the cross-country bike allows the rider to have more view of where the front wheel is heading, increasing their abilities to react quickly to changes in the terrain.
On the other hand, the trail features wider handlebars, and they grant the user more control and leverage to deal with technical terrain types, like rock gardens and gravel. This adds more stability to the trail bike, stopping the riders from being thrown around as they speed over bumps and potholes.
Read Also: Bike Handlebar Types: Which is the Best?
2. Stem Length
The stem length on the cross-country bike is much longer and usually ranges between 90 mm to 100 mm.
A longer stem gives the rider a posture where their body is pushed forward some more, giving them a better grip on the handlebar. At that angle, you’ll be able to apply the maximum amount of power on the pedals, and this is one of the many designs that make cross country-mountain bikes one of the fastest among the five categories.
Trail bikes tend to have a shorter stem length and head tube that ranges between 40 mm and 80 mm. This gives the trail bike riders a laidback mountain biking riding styles for extra stability when dealing with downhill sections.
3. Suspension Travel
The suspension travel in an XC mountain bike is shorter, and this shorter travel enhances the sprint up a steep climb.
In most cross-country mountain bikes, the rear suspension is done away with completely in exchange for pedaling efficiency and power.
Trail mountain bikes have longer travel. This long travel increases comfort as the ability to absorb shocks on rough terrain ride and travel is heightened.
4. Head Angle
The head angle on the trail bike is longer because of the suspension travel. The advantage of long head angles is that riding downhill is much easier as the stability and handling are boosted.
This is further compound by the positioning of the front wheel and tube angle on trail bikes, which is pushed ahead of the riders for easier maneuver on a downhill ride.
On the other hand, the head angle on the cross-country mountain bike is short, which makes the bike a little twitchy when dealing with downhill rides. This is also due to the shorter travel that the bike has.
5. Brake Rotor
The brake rotors on the trail bike are much larger when compared to those found in a cross-country mountain bike. The rotors on the former have a wide range that lies between 140 mm and 160 mm, and the bigger they are, the better and more powerful the brake system is.
Also, since trail bikes are built for a downhill ride at high speeds, they need these kinds of brakes for more power on emergency stops.
Since stability is an issue for the cross-country bikes when going downhill, equipping this travel bike with powerful brakes will only make the twitch much worse, and the control of the bike will be compromised further.
Tires on a cross-country bike are smoother when compared to those found on a trail mountain bike. This enables XC bikes to have the best rolling ride speeds as they’re made for quick climbs.
Trail bikes, on the other hand, need to try with better traction for maximum grip to stop them from skidding as they go down the mountain. This makes trail bikes the best type of mountain bike to have when going through unstable ground.
Other Notable Differences
Trail bikes are slower on climbs but very quick on descents; they’re the ultimate downhill bike. Cross-country bikes, meanwhile, do better on climbs but are jittery when going downhill.
Basically, trail bikes have control, while cross-country bikes have agility.
In terms of weight, the cross-country mountain bike has a lighter weight than the trail mountain bike; this helps them in gaining speed. Trail bikes are deliberately made heavy because that extra weight is what helps with the handling that’s necessary when going down a hill.
Are XC Bikes Good for Trails?
XC bikes can handle just about anything, but the performance with which the MTB goes about varies with the type of technical terrain in question. If we’re talking about trail riding style with climbs involved, or forest paths and narrow single tracks in the woods, then the cross-country mountain bikes are designed for that.
However, things may get a little hairy for you when it comes to dealing with trail riding on descents, as that’s where XC bikes perform poorly as they lack a suspension. A cross-country bike may clear that ride down the trail, thanks to its sturdy carbon fiber bike geometry, but it will require a lot from you just to keep the bike in control.
They’re ideal for short, intense races that require speed as opposed to long endurance travel, which is more in the trail and enduro bikes fortes.
If you want a bike that falls between the two, then enduro mountain bikes may be the best route to take as an enduro bike can handle a downhill trail much better than an XC. An enduro bike also has a full suspension and a dropper post, and is, therefore, more comfortable.
As a recap, the following is a table summarizing the main differences between the two mountain bike types.
|FEATURE||XC MTB||TRAIL MTB|
|Handlebar||Narrow Handlebar||Wide Handlebar|
|Stem Length||90 mm – 100 mm||40 mm – 80 mm|
|The Head Angle||Short||Wide|
|Brake Rotor||Small and Moderate||Big and Powerful|
|Tires||Smooth Tires||Heavily Treaded Tires|
|Best Function||Climbing Hills||Descending Hills|
|Weight||15 lb – 35 lb||30 lb – 32 lb|
The Bottom Line
On XC vs trail bikes, there’s not much that separates these two categories of mountain bikes outside the purpose and terrain.
XC bikes are adept at climbs, while trail bikes are good at descents; it all comes down to what you really want to do on a personal level.
It also doesn’t make much sense having both MTBs. So, take your time figuring out what you need a mountain bike for (or if road bikes are a better choice for you), then go for the one that will be aligned more to what you need.